Complications of anorexia and bulimia

Bulimia Nervosa

Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge the superb technical assistance of Ms. However, even individuals in the early stages of illness and those who look and feel well are still at risk.

Because most people with bulimia are usually normal weight or slightly overweight, it may not be apparent to others that something is wrong. Neurons use electrolytes potassium, sodium, chloride, and calcium to send electrical and chemical signals in the brain and body.

Based on this observation, efforts have been made to identify an adjuvant pharmacological therapy that could aid in bone density restoration, given its often early age of onset and long-term increased fracture risk.

Therefore, SSRIs are often the first-line treatment for bulimia. If binge eating disorder leads to obesity, add the following: Received Dec 16; Accepted Feb Every Wednesday Find out more A critically acclaimed documentary about the globalization of beauty "The Illusionists should be required viewing in every school — and possibly every home.

Eating Disorders Have Serious Medical Complications and We Have the Expertise to Respond

Also, SSRIs do not cause orthostatic hypotension sudden drop in blood pressure when sitting up or standing and heart-rhythm disturbances like the TCAs do. In addition to mental stress, continuous bingeing and purging puts great strain on the body.

Overall, the cardiac complications of eating disorders although critical to recognize, are often reversible after supervised weight restoration. Share Your Story Bulimia, also called bulimia nervosa, is one of a number of eating disorders.

Over time, the high acid content of vomit can damage teeth and cause enamel erosion, tooth sensitivity, and gum disease.

Eating Disorders Have Serious Medical Complications and We Have the Expertise to Respond

Despite lack of menses, it is possible for women with anorexia nervosa to become pregnant, and therefore it should not be assumed that contraception is unnecessary in these patients [ 10 ].

Inadequate fat intake can damage this protective layer, causing numbness and tingling in hands, feet, and other extremities.

Nutritional counseling involves teaching the bulimic individual how to diet in a healthy way. Treatment, Bulimia nervosa, Anorexia nervosa, Medical complications Background As opposed to most other psychiatric disorders where there may be no medical complications associated with those illnesses, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa inherently have many different medical complications.

Many providers of health care may help make the diagnosis of bulimia, including licensed mental-health therapists, pediatricians, other primary-care providers, specialists whom you see for a medical condition, emergency physicians, psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurses, and social workers.

Both of these issues require supportive care in the acute phase. There is variability in the literature regarding the degree of weight restoration needed for resumption of menses, with some sources citing return to ninety percent of ideal body weight, and others seeing a stronger correlation with the weight at which cessation of menses was observed [ 34 ].

Surgery may be necessary to repair the damage. Fear of discovery Compulsive behaviors. Nothing they do seems to make things better. The mainstay of treatment for SMA syndrome in anorexia nervosa is nutritional support, to restore the mesenteric fat pad and alleviate the obstruction.

Friendships and romantic relationships are damaged or destroyed If person binges and purges while driving, auto accidents may be the result of distraction If person is a student or athlete, teachers, coaches, and trainers may experience the same worry and frustration that plagues family members.Medical Issues From Anorexia, Bulimia and Other Eating Disorders.

Eating disorders are complex mental health disorders that occur in many different forms, including anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorder and eating disorders not otherwise specified.

Some medical complications related to bulimia arise from the abuse of medications. Several physical complications are associated with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Medical complications of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Many of these problems are caused by behavior aimed at controlling body weight in an unhealthy manner, and most of these problems resolve once eating habits, and weight has returned to normal. Unlike anorexia, another type of eating disorder, bulimia doesn’t necessarily have symptoms of significant weight loss.

But the effects are still very real. But the effects are still very real. Eating disorders can affect every cell, tissue, and organ in the body. The following is a partial list of the medical dangers associated with anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder.

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Medical Complications from Eating Disorders

Bulimia often begins in the late teens or early adulthood. Factors that increase your risk of bulimia may include: Biology. People with first-degree relatives (siblings, parents or children) with an eating disorder may be more likely to develop an eating disorder, suggesting a possible genetic link.

Inherent to anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are a plethora of medical complications which correlate with the severity of weight loss or the frequency and mode of purging. Yet, the encouraging fact is that most of these medical complications are treatable and reversible with definitive care and.

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Complications of anorexia and bulimia
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