Sputnik and the cold war

The tactics he perfected continued to be practiced long after his death. World War II ends As the war drew to a close, the Soviet Union made it clear that they considered Eastern Europe to be within their sphere of influence and an impotent Germany to be a non-negotiable outcome of the conflict.

At the time, their convictions fueled an anticommunist frenzy. In AugustSoviet scientists explode an atom bomb, establishing nuclear parity between the two world superpowers. Start your free trial today. The architects of American power needed to sway the citizens of decolonizing nations toward the United States.

There had, of course, been a communist presence in the United States. President Ronald Reagan campaigned during the election on a strong, anti-communist platform.

It was a free-standing steel drum, laid on its side and equipped with a covered escape hatch that rose above ground level. Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun.

The nuclear nations agree not to assist non-nuclear nations in the development of nuclear weapons. Sputnik broadcast beeps back to Earth for 23 days until its batteries ran down.

What factors lead to the Cold War?

To stifle communist expansion southward, the United States would send arms, offer military advisors, prop up corrupt politicians, stop elections, and, eventually, send over five hundred thousand troops, of whom nearly sixty thousand would be lost before the communists finally reunified the country.

Ronald Reagan bolstered the fame he had won in Hollywood with his testimony before Congress and his anticommunist work for major American corporations such as General Electric. Gorbachev, tear down this wall.

China Wages Cold War Seeking to Replace US as Main Power - CIA Official

This circular slide rule made it possible to calculate some of the devastating effects of such a blast. Never having been declared, the Cold War did not end on a single agreed date, but it can reasonably be said that it ended with the creation of a united, independent Germany in Octoberthe most important issue of its origins.

Stalin insists that the governments of the Soviet Union's client states be pro-Communist. In short order, the arms race came to an end. In this photograph, Castro and fellow revolutionary Che Guevara march in a memorial for those killed in the explosion of a ship unloading munitions in Havana in March This frenzy of interest was further encouraged by the new medium of television.

Having entered the workforce en masse as part of a collective effort in World War II, middle-class women were told to return to housekeeping responsibilities. After a hung jury in Julyhe was convicted on two counts of perjury the statute of limitations for espionage having expired. The treaty defined two categories of nations: To that end, the report called for a four-fold increase in defense spending.

During the late summer, the Soviets had announced that a long-distance Intercontinental Ballistic Missile ICBM had successfully been tested to an altitude of miles and a speed of 13, mph. Senate during Eisenhower's term, public reaction to the Soviet's launching the first human into orbitYuri Gagarinon April 12, led Kennedy to raise the stakes of the Space Race by setting the goal of landing men on the Moon.

Stalin was jealous of Eastern Europe. This was the most immediate threat that the launch of Sputnik 1 posed. Navy Douglas R4D and U. Supporters of the Soviet Union made their own effort to win over countries, claiming that Marxist-Leninist doctrine offered a road map for their liberation from colonial bondage.

One goal of the International Geophysical Year was to carry out worldwide measurements of earth tides. His notion was that when one nation falls to communism, neighboring states are weakened and eventually fall themselves.

Hours after the launch, the University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign Astronomy Department rigged an ad-hoc interferometer to measure signals from the satellite. Some 25 million Soviet citizens died, the majority of them civilians.

To ensure their objectives, the Soviet Union established the Soviet Alliance System inwhich enabled them to institute military and political control over Eastern European countries. Suddenly American foreign policy had to secure foreign markets and protect favorable terms for American trade all across the globe.

Stalin sees this as a threat, and forbids his satellites to participate.

Cold War History

Concerned that both countries could fall into the Soviet sphere of influence, undersecretary of state Dean Acheson presented an idea in a meeting with Congress that would later become known as the Domino Theory.

Secretary of State George Marshall plans to bolster economic recovery in Europe. The Soviets also had a hand in the political exploitation of the event.The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states (the Eastern Bloc), and the United States with its allies (the Western Bloc) after World War II.A common historiography of the conflict begins withthe year U.S.

The Space Race

diplomat George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram" from Moscow cemented a U.S. foreign policy of containment of Soviet expansionism. Additional Links. Back to the s. Sputnik. History changed on October 4,when the former Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I.

The Cold War Museum

The world’s first artificial satellite was about the size of a basketball, weighed only pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path.

The Cold War and Sputnik Both countries had atomic and then thermonuclear weapons, and aircraft that could deliver these bombs to distant targets. Some American families purchased or built underground shelters to protect them in case of Soviet attack. the cold war conflict in which UN soliders fought to defend South Korea from takeover by Communist North Korea, ending a stalemate in Sputnik.

In Octoberthe Soviet Union surprised the world by launching Sputnik, the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth. The resulting outcry in the United States, especially fears that. On October 4,the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the first man-made object to orbit the Earth.

In a single stroke, this pound object brought into question the United States' pre-eminence in science, industry, and military power.

The successful launch of the unmanned satellite Sputnik I by the Soviet Union in October shocks and frightens many Americans. As the tiny satellite orbited the earth, Americans reacted with.

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Sputnik and the cold war
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